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Industry's First Single-Chip LED Driver BD18336NUF-M Enables Safe Lighting Under Low Onboard Battery Conditions

Miniaturization of the Latest Socket-type LED Lamps for DRLs, Position Lamps

Keyword
  • DRL
  • Daytime Running Lamps
  • BD18336NUF-M
  • Linear step-down constant-current driving
  • Driving up to 3 lamps in series
  • Low-voltage current bypass function
  • Safe lighting
  • Industry first
  • Bypass 1 among 3 series LEDs to light 2 of the lamps
  • Socket-type LED Lamp
  • Requires 7 fewer external components
  • Approx. 30% smaller footprint
  • Output current derating function
  • White LED

The BD18336NUF-M is an LED driver developed for socket-type LED lamps, adoption of which has been increasing recently for use in the daytime running lamps (DRLs), position lamps, rear lamps, and the like for automobiles. Using linear step-down constant-current driving, in essence up to three series LED lamps can be driven with the 12 V battery of the vehicle as input. First the features of the device are indicated.

  • ・High-voltage specs for onboard 12-V battery input: Rated up to 42 V, maximum operating voltage 20 V
  • ・Compact but with high output current: 400 mA (DC), 600 mA (50% PWM) from a 3x3 mm package
  • ・Footprint is reduced by approx. 30% compared with previous products; mounting on 10x10 mm boards required for microminiature socket-type LED lamps is possible
  • ・Single-chip implementation of a bypass function to bypass one among three series LEDs and keep the remaining lamps lit when the battery voltage is low
  • ・High-brightness white LEDs also supported through an output current derating function that uses an external thermistor to suppress heat generation
  • ・Extensive protection functions, including open LED detection and output ground fault protection

A Single Chip Ensures Safe Lighting when the Onboard Battery Voltage is Low

The BD18336NUF-M is equipped with a low-voltage current bypass function, so that a single chip can enable safe lighting when the onboard battery voltage has dropped. This is an industry first. (ROHM survey, March 31 2020)

In order to drive LEDs in series using a step-down LED driver, the input voltage must be at least equal to the sum of the LED forward voltages plus the dropout voltage of the driver. The nominal 12 V voltage of onboard batteries fluctuates considerably, and depending on drops in the battery voltage, the above condition may fail to be satisfied, so that LED lighting can no longer be maintained.

By means of the low-voltage current bypass function, when the voltage supplied by the onboard battery falls to 9 V, the BD18336NUF-M bypasses one among the three series LEDs to light two of the lamps. As a result, LEDs can continue to be lit. The voltage at which operation of this function starts and the interval of operation can be set using three external resistors, enabling use in a wide range of applications.

Microminiature Socket-type LED Lamps Made Possible by Reducing the Footprint Roughly 30% Compared with Previous Products

In onboard LED lamps, numerous electronic components are mounted on module boards to achieve varied designs and advanced functionality. But due to recent emphasis on maintainability, socket-type LED lamps have appeared. However, a problem with such socket-type lamps is the difficulty in reducing the socket size, so that design flexibility is limited.

The BD18336NUF-M implements the low-voltage current bypass function in a single chip, and so it is possible to eliminate seven external components from circuits that use conventional products which require comparators, transistors, and the like, and consequently the footprint can be decreased by about 30%, including external circuits. As a result, mounting on a 10x10 mm LED module board is possible, paving the way for the microminiature socket-type LED lamps that has been sought in recent years.

Compatible with Diverse LED Lamps, Including High-brightness White LEDs

The BD18336NUF-M is equipped with an output current derating function that uses an external thermistor to reduce the output current and suppress heat generation when the LED temperature is high. Using this function, white LEDs that tend to get hot can also be driven, enabling use in DRLs (daytime running lamps) that employ white LEDs in addition to the rear lamps and position lamps that use red and yellow LEDs.

Functional Block Diagram of the BD18336NUF-M and Application Circuit Example

Below are shown a functional block diagram and a basic application circuit example, as well as the main specifications. For further details, please refer to the data sheet.

<Main Features and Functions>

  • ・Compatible with AEC-Q100 Grade 1
  • ・Integrated CR timer for PWM dimming function
  • ・Temperature (output current) derating function
  • ・Open LED detection
  • ・Output ground fault protection
  • ・SET pin ground fault protection
  • ・Overvoltage mute function
  • ・Low-voltage current bypass function
  • ・Low-voltage open LED detection disable function
  • ・Abnormal state flag output/output current off control input

Power Supply Design Technical Materials Free Download

Power Supply Design Technical Materials Free Download

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